Home Seasonal strategies Seasonal Trading Strategy For DAX 40 And German Stocks (Rules, Setup, Backtest,...

Seasonal Trading Strategy For DAX 40 And German Stocks (Rules, Setup, Backtest, Performance)

Many investors focus on searching for seasonalities in the US stock market. However, seasonal patterns can also be exploited in international stock markets. 

Today we will show you a seasonal trading strategy for the German stock market. It is based on previous performance and has performed better than buy and hold since inception.

quantitative trading strategy

In this article, we will look at how the German stock market is composed, develop a seasonal trading strategy, and backtest it.

Related reading:

Composition of the German Stock Market

The DAX 40 is Germany’s main stock market index, consisting of 40 blue-chip German companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.

Some of its most significant components are Adidas, Airbus, Allianz, Munich Re, SAP, Deutsche Bank, and BWM, among others. It was founded in July 1988 and currently has a $1 250 billion market capitalization.

Since its inception, the DAX has returned 5.36% per year. We believe DAX futures is a fantastic trading vehicle, and you have three contracts to choose from: the big, the Mini, and the Micro. We have also published several DAX trading strategies.

However, for investors to invest in the German stock market from the US, it is much easier to use the iShares MSCI Germany ETF (ticker code is EWG). This ETF invests in large and mid-size German companies. Its biggest holdings are SAP, Siemens, and Allianz. Also, it charges a 0.50% expense ratio, perhaps a bit expensive.

Monthly Seasonalities in the DAX 40 Index

If we look at the historical monthly returns of EWG, we can see that the best time to be invested is in the year’s final quarter. During the rest of the year, the ETF trades more or less sideways.

Here are the average monthly returns of EWG since 1996:

Monthly seasonal returns for German stocks, EWG and DAX 40

Based on this information, we can develop a seasonal trading strategy.

Seasonal trading strategy for EWG and DAX 40 – trading rules

The trading strategy is pretty simple:

  • We buy EWG at the beginning of October
  • We sell EWG at the end of December

In other words, the strategy’s holding period in a year is only the last three months or the fourth quarter.

Seasonal trading strategy for EWG and DAX 40 – backtest

As we mentioned, we backtest the trading strategy using EWG since its inception. The data is adjusted for dividends and splits. Here is the equity curve:

Seasonal trading strategy for German stocks, EWG, and DAX

Here are some performance metrics and statistics about the strategy:

  • CAGR is 7.04% (buy and hold 5.16%)
  • Time spent in the market is 24.4%
  • Risk-adjusted return is 29.13% (CAGR divided by time spent in the market, which is 0.24)
  • Maximum drawdown is 31.2% (64.15%)

As you can see, investing in German stocks in the last quarter paid off well over the last few decades.

Seasonal trading strategy for EWG and DAX 40- conclusion

To sum up, today we developed a seasonal trading strategy for the EWG where we only invest in the last quarter of every year. The backtest proved that the strategy performs well, and one should expect it will continue to do so? We don’t know, but the same trend is pretty strong in most markets. We covered this in an article called investing only in winter trading strategy.

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