Home Candlestick patterns Bearish On Neck Line Candlestick Pattern (Backtest)

Bearish On Neck Line Candlestick Pattern (Backtest)

The Bearish On Neck Line is a two-candlestick continuation pattern that occurs during a downtrend and can help traders recognize potential selling opportunities in the market.

In this article, we will examine the features and potential significance if the Bearish On Neck Line pattern, and we’ll discuss how it is used in technical analysis.

However, the information will be presented in a questions and answers format to make it easy for you to understand and quickly find answers to your questions regarding the pattern. So get ready to know everything necessary about this dynamic candlestick pattern.

Table of contents:

What is the definition of a Bearish On Neck Line pattern in trading?

A Bearish On Neck Line pattern is a bearish continuation pattern formed when the market is trending downwards. The pattern consists of two candlesticks – a long bearish candlestick and a bullish candlestick – with the bearish candlestick’s closing price coinciding with the bullish candlestick’s closing price.

Bearish On Neck Line

If we zoom out such a pattern can take a form like this:

Bearish On Neck Line Backtest

Traders often use this pattern to identify selling opportunities or confirm a continuous downward trend in the market.

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How to identify a Bearish On Neck Line pattern

The Bearish On Neck pattern is typically seen during a downtrend but can also appear during a pullback within an uptrend. To identify this pattern, you should look for two candlesticks that meet the following criteria:

  • The first candle is a long bearish candle.
  • The second candle is a small bullish candle, which can be any type (such as Doji, rickshaw man, or any bull candle) with a body smaller than the first candle.
  • The closing prices of the first and second candles are nearly equal or equal.

What is the Psychology behind the formation of the Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

The Bearish On Neck pattern usually occurs in a downtrend, and the long bearish candle indicates the bears are in the market. But due to the weak market action, the bears became complacent while the bulls, who were already weakened, retreated completely.

When the second candle forms, the market gaps down and creates a new low but buyers suddenly take control and push the back to the previous candle low but not above it. However, the bulls could not drive the price above the last closing price.

Usually, the bears will seize control again and lower prices, but this only happens about half of the time in reality. According to the Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts by Thomas Bulkowski, the price only continues to the downside 56% of the time. The rest of the time, this pattern will act as a reversal pattern.

As a result, traders should always use the Bearish On Neck Line with other chart patterns and technical indicators and wait for confirmation before trading the pattern.

How does a Bearish On Neck Line pattern help traders identify potential trends in the markets?

The Bearish On Neck pattern as mentioned earlier, is a bearish candlestick pattern used to identify a potential trend continuation. But can also function as a reversal candlestick pattern in some market scenarios.

Therefore, to correctly use the Bearish On Neck Line pattern to identify a potential trend in the market, it is important to wait for confirmation signals before you make your trading decisions.

If the next candle after the pattern is a bullish candle that took out the highs of the two candles that constitute the bearish on-neck-line pattern, the pattern will likely serve as a trend reversal. But if the next candle is a bearish candle that forms a new low, the pattern will be a trend continuation pattern.

How can a trader use a Bearish On Neck Line pattern to recognize entry and exit points?

Entry Point

In a scenario where you’ve confirmed that the bearish on-neck-line pattern is a continuation pattern, you can set a sell order at the current market price or place a sell-stop order at a lower price. In the scenario where the pattern is a trend reversal pattern, set your buy order at the high of the candle that invalidates the pattern.

Exit Point

When using the bearish on-neck-line formation as a continuation pattern, your exit point should be at a few pips below the confirmation candle and ideally approximately the size (length) of the pattern itself.

And if you’re trading the pattern as a reversal candlestick formation, your exit point should also be at a few pips above the confirmation candle but can be significantly extended further as the reversal trend of this pattern is known to have higher momentum than the continuation variant.

What is the significance of the neckline when trading with a bearish on-neck-line pattern?

The neckline of the bearish on-neck pattern signifies that the bears control the market, and their dominance will likely continue in order to drive the market further downward.

How does a trader determine whether the neckline has been breached to signal a bearish trend?

The Bearish On Neck Line is typically a bearish continuation candlestick pattern but can sometimes function as a bearish reversal pattern. The best way to know whether this pattern is signaling a bearish continuation trend is to wait for a confirmation candle, usually a bearish candle that forms a new low.

What indicators are commonly used to confirm the validity of a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

Traders can use several technical indicators to confirm the validity of a Bearish On Neck Line pattern. Some of the commonly used indicators are:

  1. Moving averages: Moving averages are a trend-following indicator that shows the average price of a security over a period. If the price is below the moving average, the trend is bearish. For example, if the 200-day moving average is above the price and the price breaks below the neckline, it signifies a bearish signal.
  2. Volume: This is the number of shares or contracts traded in a security or an entire market during a given period. An increase in volume during the downtrend confirms that the bearish continuation is being supported by intense selling pressure. This indicates that many traders are selling the security, which could lead to further downward momentum.
  3. Momentum indicators: Momentum indicators measure the rate of change in the price of a security. Indicators like the Relative Strength Index (RSI) and Stochastic Oscillator can help confirm that the trend is bearish by showing that the momentum is shifting in favor of the bears. For example, if the RSI is above 70 and then falls below 30 on the breakdown of the neckline, it indicates a bearish signal.

What is the best way to backtest a Bearish On Neck Line pattern to identify potential trading strategies?

Backtesting is a way to evaluate the performance of a trading strategy using historical data. It allows traders to see how a strategy would have performed in the past, giving them an idea of its potential viability in the future.

To backtest the Bearish On Neck Line pattern adequately, traders should analyze the pattern’s efficiency in past market charts where it was formed. This will allow them to see whether the pattern has produced positive or negative outcomes in the past.

It’s also a good idea to test the pattern’s efficiency on different charts, such as currency pairs, stocks, and indices, to ensure its reliability. By thoroughly backtesting, traders can make more informed decisions about whether it is a viable strategy for them or not.

What types of trading strategies perform the best when utilizing a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

The best trading strategies for the Bearish On Neck Line pattern will ultimately depend on the trader. Although, the most important thing is to recognize the pattern and seek confirmation candles before trading it.

However, the most common strategy for trading the pattern is the break-out strategy, which involves selling the market in a downtrend after the confirmation candle forms a new low to continue the bearish impulse or buying it after a bullish candle invalidates the pattern in a reversal impulse.

How can a trader use the Bearish On neck Line pattern to identify potential market reversals?

As mentioned earlier, the Bearish On Line pattern is a bearish continuation candlestick formation but functions as a reversal pattern about 40% of the time. For this pattern to function as a bearish reversal candlestick formation, a bullish candle must invalidate the pattern by closing above the high of the first candle (The long bearish candle).

What other chart patterns can be used in conjunction with a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

Other chart patterns that can be used with the Bearish On Neck Line pattern to maximize trading opportunities are the descending triangle, bearish rectangle, bearish flag, and the bearish pennant candlesticks pattern.

How can a trader use stop-losses and take-profit levels when using a bearish on neck line pattern?

Stop Loss

The stop loss for the bearish trend continuation variant should be at the high of the large bearish candle or a few pips beyond. And for the reversal variant, the stop loss should be at the low of the small bullish candle or a few pips below.

Take Profit

The take profit level when using the bearish on neck line pattern should ideally be at a few pips below your entry points if you are trading it as a continuation pattern or a few pips above your entry point if you are trading it as a reversal pattern.

What techniques can be used to limit the risk of a Bearish On Neck line pattern?

Using any chart pattern comes with its risks, and for traders to limit these risks when trading, they must follow the optimal trading strategies that are peculiar to the pattern they intend to trade. For the Bearish On Neck pattern, the best technique to trade it is to wait for a confirmation candle before placing your trade to know whether to buy or sell the market.

What are some common mistakes made by traders when using the Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

  1. Failure to wait for the price to break below the neckline: One of the key confirmation techniques for the Bearish On Neck Line pattern is that the price must break below the neckline. If traders enter a trade before the price breaks below the neckline, they could end up on the wrong side of the trade.
  2. Not setting a stop loss: It’s essential to protect yourself against potential losses by setting a stop loss order. If traders do not set a stop loss, they could end up taking a significant loss if the trade does not go in their favor.
  3. Not properly managing risk: Trading always carries some risk, and it’s essential to manage that risk appropriately. This means not overleveraging and not risking more than you can afford to lose. If traders do not manage their risk, they could lose a large percentage of their trading account.
  4. Not considering the overall market context: Chart patterns like the Bearish On Neck Line pattern are just one tool traders use to identify trading opportunities. It’s important to consider the overall market context, including fundamental factors and other technical indicators, before making a trade.
  5. Failure to backtest properly: Backtesting is a valuable tool for evaluating the viability of a trading strategy. If traders do not properly backtest, they may not understand the pattern’s historical performance and could make poor trading decisions.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

Let’s start with the advantages:


  • It is easy to identify.
  • It is pretty reliable as a bearish trend continuation pattern.
  • It is not a complicated pattern; a beginner can use it to trade.
  • The pattern provides clear entry and exit points.
  • It also works hand in hand with other candlestick patterns.


  • Traders can confuse this pattern with another candlestick formation called the bearish In Neck Line pattern.
  • It does not always signal a trend continuation; about 40% of the time, it can function as a reversal pattern.
  • It is not commonly formed.

How does the time period of a Bearish On Neck Line pattern affect its accuracy?

The relationship between the time period and accuracy of the Bearish On Neck Pattern is directly proportional. The higher the timeframe in which the pattern is formed, the higher the accuracy.

How does the volume of trading activity affect the results of a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

The Bearish On Neck Pattern only occurs in a downtrend. If the volume of the trading activity decreases at the time of the pattern formation, there is a high probability that the trend will reverse. And if the volume increases, there is a high likelihood that the trend will continue.

What are the implications of trading a Bearish On Neck Line pattern in different market conditions?

The Bearish On Neck Line only appears in a downtrend and should be traded as either a continuation or reversal pattern. Trading the pattern in an uptrend or choppy market can lead to significant losses.

How does a trader identify a false signal when using a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

  • Use multiple time frames: One way to reduce the likelihood of a false signal is to analyze the chart in multiple time frames. For example, you could look at a daily chart to identify the overall trend and a shorter time frame, such as the 15-minute chart, to fine-tune your entry and exit points.
  • Confirm the signal with other technical indicators: It’s a good idea to use multiple technical indicators to confirm the validity of a pattern. This can include indicators like moving averages, volume, and momentum indicators.
  • Look for divergences: A divergence occurs when the price and an indicator move in opposite directions. For example, if the price is making lower lows, but the oscillator is making higher highs, this is a positive divergence and a warning sign of a potential trend reversal.
  • Consider the overall market context: It’s important to consider the overall market context when analyzing the Bearish On Neck Line pattern. This includes looking at fundamental factors, such as economic news and earnings reports, as well as technical indicators and other chart patterns.

What is the best risk-reward ratio for trading with a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

The best risk-reward ratio for the Bearish On Neck Pattern is 1:3 and above. However, traders should always observe proper risk management.

How can a trader develop a successful trading strategy using a Bearish On Neck Line pattern?

Developing a successful trading strategy requires a thorough education and a solid understanding of the pattern you want to trade, be it the Bearish On Neck Line Pattern or other types of candlestick formation. As a good trader, some of the steps you can follow to create a winning strategy are as follows.

  1. Learn about the pattern: The first step to developing a successful trading strategy is to have a thorough understanding of the pattern you want to trade. This includes identifying the pattern, its meaning, and how to trade it.
  2. Practice with a demo account and backtest: Once you have a good understanding of the pattern, it can be helpful to practice trading it with a demo account. A demo account allows you to trade with virtual money to test your strategy without risking any capital. Also, you can backtest using past market charts to see how the trade played out.
  3. Develop a risk management plan: Risk management is crucial to successful trading. This includes setting stop-loss orders and having a plan in place to manage your trades. It’s vital not to over leverage and only risk what you can afford to lose.
  4. Keep a trading journal: It is helpful to keep a record of your trades, including the reasons for entering and exiting the trade and any lessons learned. This will help you identify what is working well and what may need to be adjusted in your trading strategy.
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